The piano keyboard consists of 88 keys.
53 are white, called the naturals, and 36 are black, called the enharmonics, or flats and sharps.
The keyboard is arranged in a pattern of 12 notes, with 2 incomplete patterns on each end of the keyboard.
The pattern of 12 has a smaller sub-pattern or groups of 2 and 3 black keys nested inside it.
To find any key on the keyboard we use the black keys to navigate. Let’s start by finding the key C.
Locate the group of 2 black keys. Move just to the left and this white key will be C.
Moving to the right the white keys are D E F G A and B.
The pattern repeats over on the next key C.
To help you remember and more easily see this information visually, you can download the free Piano Keyboard Poster.
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