How to Read Music – Lesson 4 – Piano Keyboard

The piano keyboard consists of 88 keys.

52 are white, called the naturals, and 36 are black, called the enharmonics, or flats and sharps.

The keyboard is arranged in a pattern of 12 notes, with 2 incomplete patterns on each end of the keyboard.

The pattern of 12 has a smaller sub-pattern or groups of 2 and 3 black keys nested inside it.

To find any key on the keyboard we use the black keys to navigate. Let’s start by finding the key C.

Locate the group of 2 black keys. Move just to the left and this white key will be C.

Moving to the right the white keys are D E F G A and B.

The pattern repeats over on the next key C.

To help you remember and more easily see this information visually, you can download the free Piano Keyboard Poster.

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This entry was posted in How to Read Music, Notes, Piano Keyboard, Pitch. Bookmark the permalink.
  • Kimberly B

    Hi Leon. Thanks for all this great free info. I am very new to learning music and I have never played the piano, but I want to buy a keyboard and learn to play. It seems that keyboards come with varying numbers of piano keys. As a serious learner, how many keys do you think should be on the keyboard I invest in??

    • Leon Harrell

      Hi Kimberly,

      You will want an 88 key keyboard like this: if you want to be able to play any piano song. A 61 key like this: will do for a beginner but over time you will outgrow it. Regardless of which size keyboard you get you want on with real piano-like keys like these two models, meaning they have a touch response (They play loud or soft depending on how you press them.) Let me know if you have more questions or need more help choosing a keyboard.

      -Leon Harrell

  • Gládiston

    Hi, leon, I do not sucssess in download the extra exercises, coud you help me? Tnahk you very much!